行鸿彦,张金玉,徐伟.地面自动气象观测的技术发展与展望[J].电子测量与仪器学报,2017,31(10):1534-1542
地面自动气象观测的技术发展与展望
Development and prospect of automatic meteorological observation technology on the ground
  
DOI:10.13382/j.jemi.2017.10.001
中文关键词:  气象观测  自动与智能观测  专用与通用观测  专业与大众观测
英文关键词:meteorological observation  automatic and intelligent observation  specific and general observation  professional and public observation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61671248,41605121)、江苏省高校自然科学研究重大项目(15KJA460008)和江苏省“信息与通信工程”优势学科计划资助
作者单位
行鸿彦 1.南京信息工程大学 气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心南京210044;2.南京信息工程大学 江苏省气象探测与信息处理重点实验室南京210044 
张金玉 1.南京信息工程大学 气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心南京210044;2.南京信息工程大学 江苏省气象探测与信息处理重点实验室南京210044 
徐伟 1.南京信息工程大学 气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心南京210044;2.南京信息工程大学 江苏省气象探测与信息处理重点实验室南京210044 
AuthorInstitution
Xing Hongyan 1. Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 2. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Meteorological Detection and Information Processing, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China 
Zhang Jinyu 1. Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 2. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Meteorological Detection and Information Processing, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China 
Xu Wei 1. Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 2. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Meteorological Detection and Information Processing, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China 
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中文摘要:
      根据地面自动气象观测技术的实际情况和国民经济发展的战略需求,介绍了我国地面气象观测技术及仪器的现状,阐述了国家对未来气象观测技术的发展要求,重点分析和研究了我国地面气象观测技术、观测仪器和观测方法的发展历程,指出了我国地面气象观测技术发展过程中存在的问题与不足,结合现代电子技术,信息与通信技术和物联网技术,展望了我国未来自动化、智能化气象观测技术,专用与通用气象观测技术,专业与大众气象观测技术的发展方向。
英文摘要:
      According to the actual situation of ground meteorological observation technology and the strategic demand of national economic development, this paper introduces the current situation of meteorological observation technology and instrument in China, expounds the development requirements of the future meteorological observation technology for country, analyzes and studies the development history of meteorological observation technology, instruments and methods, indicates the technical problems and shortcomings in the development of terrestrial meteorological observation technology in China. Combining with the development of modern electronic, information and communication technology and Internet of Things technology, predicts the development trend of future automatic and intelligent meteorological observation technology, specific and general meteorological observation technology, professional and public weather observation technology.
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