田雷,徐科军,沈子文,李剑波,穆立彬,刘博.基于回波峰值拟合的气体超声流量计信号处理[J].电子测量与仪器学报,2017,31(7):1107-1114
基于回波峰值拟合的气体超声流量计信号处理
Signal processing for ultrasonic gas flowmeter based on peak fitting of echo
  
DOI:10.13382/j.jemi.2017.07.017
中文关键词:  气体超声波流量计  上升段峰值  最小二乘拟合  信号处理
英文关键词:ultrasonic gas flowmeter  rising peaks  least squares fitting  signal processing
基金项目:
作者单位
田雷 合肥工业大学电气与自动化工程学院合肥230009 
徐科军 1.合肥工业大学电气与自动化工程学院合肥230009;2.工业自动化安徽省工程技术研究中心合肥230009 
沈子文 合肥工业大学电气与自动化工程学院合肥230009 
李剑波 合肥工业大学电气与自动化工程学院合肥230009 
穆立彬 合肥工业大学电气与自动化工程学院合肥230009 
刘博 合肥工业大学电气与自动化工程学院合肥230009 
AuthorInstitution
Tian Lei School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
Xu Kejun 1. School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China; 2. Engineering Technology Research Center of Industrial Automation of Anhui Province, Hefei 230009, China 
Shen Ziwen School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
Li Jianbo School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
Mu Libin School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
Liu Bo School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
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中文摘要:
      针对从气体超声波流量计回波信号中难以确定到达时刻,而仪表又要求具有较高实时性的问题,提出一种基于回波上升段峰值拟合的气体超声流量计信号处理方法,以及拟合峰值范围的确定方法。首先根据拟合峰值范围,在回波信号的上升阶段,选取若干个峰值点,对各峰值点进行最小二乘拟合,得到特征直线,将该直线与X轴的交点作为特征点,确定回波信号的到达时刻,进而计算出超声波传播时间,得到气体流量。研制实现基于回波上升段峰值拟合的气体超声流量计,进行标定实验,以验证方法和仪表的有效性。
英文摘要:
      Aiming at the problem that it is difficult to determine the arrival time from the echo signal of the ultrasonic gas flowmeter and the instrument is required to have high real time, a new signal processing method for ultrasonic gas flowmeter based on peak fitting of rising echo and a method to determine the fitting peak range are proposed. Firstly, according to the fitting peak range, several peak points are selected in the rising section of the echo signal, and they are fitted by the least squares to achieve the feature straight line. The intersection of this line and the X axis is regarded as a feature point to determine the arrival time of the echo signal, and then the ultrasonic propagation times are calculated to obtain the gas flow rate. The ultrasonic gas flowmeter is developed to implement the signal processing method based on peak fitting of rising echo. The calibration experiments are preformed to validate the effectiveness of the methods and the meter.
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