宋海龙,孙毅,于珉,何家伟,赵佺,黄晓钉.量子霍尔效应在电阻标准中的应用综述[J].电子测量与仪器学报,2021,35(11):12-22
量子霍尔效应在电阻标准中的应用综述
Review on the application of quantum Hall effect in resistance standard
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  量子霍尔效应  电阻标准  石墨烯  电阻电桥
英文关键词:quantum Hall effect  resistance standard  graphene  resistance bridge
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2018YFF01012601)项目资助
作者单位
宋海龙 北京航天河科技发展有限公司北京100080 
孙毅 北京东方计量测试研究所北京100086 
于珉 北京航天河科技发展有限公司北京100080 
何家伟 北京东方计量测试研究所北京100086 
赵佺 北京东方计量测试研究所北京100086 
黄晓钉 北京东方计量测试研究所北京100086 
AuthorInstitution
Song Hailong Beijing Hang Tian He Science Technology Development Co. Ltd, Beijing 100080, China 
Sun Yi Beijing Orient Institute of Measurement & Test, Beijing 100086, China 
Yu Min Beijing Hang Tian He Science Technology Development Co. Ltd, Beijing 100080, China 
He Jiawei Beijing Orient Institute of Measurement & Test, Beijing 100086, China 
Zhao Quan Beijing Orient Institute of Measurement & Test, Beijing 100086, China 
Huang Xiaoding Beijing Orient Institute of Measurement & Test, Beijing 100086, China 
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中文摘要:
      量子霍尔效应为电学计量提供了最高电阻标准,近年来随着新材料的发现和新技术的进步,量子化霍尔电阻标准也正在发生新的进展。全面介绍了量子化霍尔电阻标准的发展过程,描述量子霍尔效应的发现及其理论和普适性,阐述基于砷化镓和基于石墨烯的量子电阻器件以及量子电阻阵列的发展过程,分析新型石墨烯量子化霍尔电阻标准的优势及其发展现状,总结直流电流比较仪电桥、低温电流比较仪电桥和常温低频电流比较仪电桥等3种电阻传递装置原理和优缺点,并展望量子化霍尔电阻标准的发展方向。
英文摘要:
      Quantum Hall effect provides the basis for primary resistance standard in electrical metrology. With discovery of new material and development of new technology, new progress is seen in quantum Hall resistance standard (QHRS). The development of QHRS is reviewed, starting from description of discovery of quantum Hall effect and its theory and universality, followed by introduction of GaAs based and graphene based quantum Hall devices and quantum resistance array, advantages of the new graphene based QHRS and its development status are introduced, different types of resistance bridges, including direct current comparator, cryogenic current comparator and low frequency current comparator, are summarized, and development trend of QHRS is prospected.
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